|COUPA SOFTWARE INC filed this Form 10-Q on 09/06/2018|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2018
Commission File Number: 001-37901
COUPA SOFTWARE INCORPORATED
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (650) 931-3200
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of September 4, 2018, the Registrant had 58,062,517 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this report, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, customer lifetime value, strategy and plans, market size and opportunity, competitive position, industry environment, potential growth opportunities, product capabilities, our expectations for future operations and our convertible senior notes, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “design,” “intend,” “expect,” “could,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” “would” or the negative version of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, strategy, short- and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. The forward-looking statements are contained principally in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Result of Operations” and “Risk Factors.”
These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.
You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur. Moreover, except as required by law, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations.
COUPA SOFTWARE INCORPORATED
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Note 1. Organization and Description of Business
Coupa Software Incorporated (the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 2006. The Company provides a comprehensive, cloud-based business spend management (or BSM) platform that provides greater visibility into and control over how companies spend money. The BSM platform enables businesses to achieve savings that drive profitability. The Company is based in San Mateo, California.
Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 28, 2018 (the “Form 10-K”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated during consolidation.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2018, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures including certain notes required by GAAP on an annual reporting basis. Certain amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the prior period have been reclassified to conform to the presentation for the three and six months ended July 31, 2018. Net operating results have not been affected by these reclassifications.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss and cash flows for the interim periods, but are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year or any other period.
There have been no changes to our significant accounting policies described in the Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2018 except for changes applied due to the adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers and in relation to the Company’s recent marketable securities activities. Refer to “Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements.”
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its significant estimates including, but not limited to, the valuation of accounts receivable, the lives of tangible and intangible assets, stock-based compensation, the valuation of acquired intangible assets and the recoverability or impairment of tangible and intangible assets, including goodwill, stock-based compensation, revenue recognition, the valuation of acquired assets and liabilities assumed, the fair value of marketable securities, convertible senior notes fair value, the benefit period of deferred commissions, and provisions for income taxes. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other market-specific and relevant assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material to the financial position and results of operations.
Concentration of Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, and accounts receivable. Cash deposits exceed amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. The Company has not experienced any losses on its deposits of cash and cash equivalents to date.
Comprehensive loss is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. The Company’s comprehensive loss consists of net loss, an other comprehensive gain in relation to defined benefits plans, net of tax, and an unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax. The other comprehensive gain represents net deferred gains and losses and prior service costs and credits for defined benefit pension plans. The unrealized loss represents net unrealized gains and losses from the Company’s marketable securities and cash equivalents.
The Company derives its revenues primarily from subscription services fees and professional services fees. Revenues are recognized when control of these services are transferred to the Company’s customers in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be entitled to in exchange for those services. Revenues are recognized net of applicable taxes imposed on the related transaction. The Company’s revenue recognition policy follows guidance from Accounting Standards Codification 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).
The Company determines revenue recognition through the following five-step framework:
Subscription Services Revenues
The Company offers subscriptions to its cloud-based business spend management platform, including procurement, invoicing and expense management. Subscription services revenues consist primarily of fees to provide the Company’s customers access to its cloud-based platform, which includes routine customer support. Subscription service contracts do not provide customers with the right to take possession of the software, are non-cancelable, and do not contain general rights of return. Revenues are recognized ratably over the contractual term of the arrangement, beginning on the date that the service is made available to the customer. Subscription contracts typically have a term of three years with invoicing occurring in annual installments at the beginning of each year in the subscription period.
Professional Services Revenues and Other
The Company offers professional services which include deployment services, optimization services, and training. Professional services are generally sold on a fixed-fee or time-and-materials basis. For services billed on a fixed-fee basis, invoicing typically occurs in advance, and revenue is recognized over time based on the proportion performed. For services billed on a time-and-materials basis, revenue is recognized over time as services are performed.
Refer to Note 14, “Significant Customers and Geographic Information” for additional information on disaggregated revenue during the period.
The Company’s contracts with customers often include promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer. For these contracts, the Company accounts for individual performance obligations separately if they are distinct. Subscription services and professional services are both distinct performance obligations that are accounted for separately. In contracts with multiple performance obligations, the transaction price is allocated to separate performance obligations on a relative standalone selling price basis.
The determination of standalone selling price (“SSP”) for each distinct performance obligations requires judgment. The Company determines SSP for performance obligations based on overall pricing objectives, which take into consideration market conditions and entity-specific factors. This includes a review of historical data related to the size of arrangements, the cloud applications being sold, customer demographics and the numbers and types of users within the arrangements. The Company uses a range of amounts to estimate SSP for performance obligations. There is typically more than one SSP for individual products and services due to the stratification of those products and services by considerations such as size and type of customer.
The timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing for contracts with customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to invoicing, or deferred revenue when revenue is recognized subsequent to invoicing. Subscription services and certain professional services arrangements are commonly billed in advance, recognized as deferred revenue, and then amortized as revenue over time. However, other professional services arrangements, primarily those recognized on a time-and-materials basis, are billed in arrears following services that have been rendered. This may result in revenue recognition greater than invoiced amounts which results in a receivable balance. Receivables represent an unconditional right to payment. As of July 31, 2018 and January 31, 2018, the balance of accounts receivable, net of the allowance for doubtful accounts, was $49.8 million and $61.4 million, respectively. Of these balances, $1.1 million and $1.2 million represent unbilled receivable amounts as of July 31, 2018 and January 31, 2018, respectively.
When the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, the Company uses judgment to determine whether the contract includes a significant financing component requiring adjustment to the transaction price. Various factors are considered in this determination including the duration of the contract, payment terms, and other circumstances. Generally, the Company determined that contracts do not include a significant financing component. The Company applies the practical expedient for instances where, at contract inception, the expected timing difference between when promised goods or services are transferred and associated payment will be one year or less. Payment terms vary by contract type, however arrangements typically stipulate a requirement for the customer to pay within 30 days.
At any point in the contract term, transaction price may be allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or are partially unsatisfied. These amounts relate to remaining performance obligations on non-cancelable contracts which include both the deferred revenue balance and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. As of July 31, 2018, approximately $390.1 million of revenue is expected to be recognized from remaining performance obligations, a majority of which is related to multi-year subscription arrangements. The Company expects to recognize revenue on approximately three fourths of these remaining performance obligations within the next 24 months and the remainder thereafter. The Company applies the practical expedient to exclude remaining performance obligations that are part of contracts with an original expected duration of one year or less. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2018, the revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods was approximately $834,000 and $756,000.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company extends credit to its customers in the normal course of business, and does not require cash collateral or other security to support the collection of customer receivables. The Company estimates the amount of uncollectible accounts receivable at the end of each reporting period based on the aging of the receivable balance, historical experience, and communications with customers, and provides a reserve when needed. Accounts receivable are written off when deemed uncollectible. The allowance for doubtful accounts was not material at July 31, 2018 and January 31, 2018.
Deferred revenue consists of customer billings or payments received in advance of the recognition of revenue and is recognized as revenue as the revenue recognition criteria are met. The Company generally invoices its customers annually for the forthcoming year of service. Accordingly, the Company’s deferred revenue balance does not include revenue for future years of multiple year non-cancellable contracts that have not yet been billed. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2018, the Company recognized revenue of $51.4 million that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of April 30, 2018 and $85.8 million that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of January 31, 2018.
Commissions are earned by sales personnel upon the execution of the sales contract by the customer, and commission payments are made shortly after they are earned. Commission costs can be associated specifically with subscription and professional services arrangements. Commissions earned by the Company’s sales personnel are considered incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. These costs are deferred and then amortized over a period of benefit of five years. The Company determined the period of benefit by taking into consideration its past experience with customers, present value of future cash flows, industry peers and other available information.
Deferred commissions totaled $19.3 million at July 31, 2018. For the three and six months ended July 31, 2018, $1.5 million and $2.7 million of deferred commissions were amortized to sales and marketing expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Marketable securities consist of financial instruments such as U.S. treasury securities, U.S. agency obligations, corporate notes and bonds, commercial paper, and asset backed securities. The Company classifies marketable securities as available-for-sale at the time of purchase and reevaluates such classification as of each balance sheet date. All marketable securities are recorded at estimated fair value.
Unrealized gains and losses for available-for-sale securities are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a component of stockholders’ equity. The Company evaluates its marketable securities to assess whether those with unrealized loss positions are other than temporarily impaired. Impairments are considered to be other than temporary if they are related to a deterioration in credit risk or if it is likely that the Company will sell the securities before recovering its cost basis. Realized gains and losses and declines in value judged to be other than temporary are determined based on the specific identification method and are reported in Interest income and other, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
If quoted prices for identical instruments are available in an active market, marketable securities are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. If quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets are not available, fair values are estimated using quoted prices of similar instruments and are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) which provided a comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. Topic 606 superseded the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance. The core principle of Topic 606 is to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Topic 606 also includes Subtopic 340-40 which provides accounting guidance for incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. The Company refers to Topic 606 and Subtopic 340-40 collectively as the “new revenue standard.”
The Company adopted the new revenue standard effective on February 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method applied to all contracts not completed as of the adoption date. Results for reporting periods beginning on February 1, 2018 are presented under the new revenue standard, while comparative results have not been restated. The primary impact of adopting the new revenue standard relates to Subtopic 340-40 and the deferral of incremental commission costs to obtain contracts with customers. Under Topic 605, the Company deferred only direct and incremental commission costs to obtain a contract and amortized those costs over the non-cancelable contract term. Under the new revenue standard, the Company defers all incremental commission costs to obtain the contract. The Company amortizes these costs over a period of benefit of five years. The adoption of the new revenue standard also removed the limitation on contingent revenue under Topic 605 which impacted revenue recognition and is reflected in the changes to the Company’s revenue recognition accounting policy.
The following table summarizes the cumulative impact of adoption of the new revenue standard for revenue recognition on line items within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
The impact of adoption on the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended July 31, 2018 was immaterial. The impact to sales and marketing expense within the condensed consolidated statements of operations was a decrease of approximately $1.3 million and $2.1 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2018, respectively, due to deferred commission costs that would have been expensed prior to adoption of the new standard. The following table summarizes the effects of the new revenue standard for revenue recognition on line items within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (“ASU 2016-16"). ASU 2016-16 requires entities to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. As of January 31, 2018, the Company had an aggregate prepaid tax asset of $5.6 million recorded in prepayments and other current assets and other long-term assets, which represents tax expense that was deferred in accordance with GAAP prior to adoption of ASU 2016-16. The Company adopted this standard on February 1, 2018 and reversed the deferred tax charge of $5.6 million through a cumulative-effect adjustment to the accumulated deficit.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (“ASU 2016-18”). ASU 2016-18 requires an entity to show the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows, and an entity will no longer present transfers between cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Entities are required to apply the standard’s provisions on a retrospective basis. The Company adopted this standard on February 1, 2018, which did not have material impact on the Company consolidated statement of cash flows.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (Topic 715), (“ASU 2017-07”). ASU 2017-07 provides guidance on the presentation of the service cost component and the other components of net period pension cost in the consolidated statements of operations. The standard is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and requires retrospective adoption. The Company adopted this standard on February 1, 2018, which did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (“ASU 2017-09”), which provides clarified guidance on applying modification accounting to changes in the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. ASU 2017-09 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. This change is required to be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. The Company adopted this standard on February 1, 2018, which did not have impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees with capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company plans to adopt this new standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Upon adoption, the Company will recognize right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets, which will increase total assets and total liabilities. The Company is continuing to evaluate the accounting, transition, and disclosure requirements of this standard.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”), which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairments by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test. Instead, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 also clarifies the requirements for excluding and allocating foreign currency translation adjustments to reporting units related to an entity’s testing of reporting units for goodwill impairment, and clarifies that an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. The guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2020 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2017-04 on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260)-Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features, (Part II) Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception (“ASU 2017-11”). The amendments in Part I ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. When determining whether certain financial instruments should be classified as liabilities or equity instruments a down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 recharacterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 with a scope exception and do not have an accounting effect. This accounting standard update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2017-11 on its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2018-02”), which provides the option to reclassify certain income tax effects related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act passed in December of 2017 between accumulated other comprehensive income and retained earnings and also requires additional disclosures. ASU 2018-02 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of ASU 2018-02 is to be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the tax laws or rates were recognized. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2018-02 on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Non-Employee Share Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”), with an intent to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for share-based payments issued to non-employees. The amendments in ASU 2018-07 provide for the simplification of the measurement of share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. Currently, the accounting requirements for nonemployee and employee share-based payment transactions are significantly different. This standard expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services, aligning the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees. ASU 2018-17 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those periods, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2018-07 on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018-13”), which amends ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying, or adding certain disclosures. The effective date is the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted for the removed disclosures and delayed adoption until fiscal year 2021 permitted for the new disclosures. The removed and modified disclosures will be adopted on a retrospective basis and the new disclosures will be adopted on a prospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2018-13 on its consolidated financial statements.
Note 3. Marketable Securities
The following is a summary of available-for-sale marketable securities, excluding those securities classified within cash and cash equivalents on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at July 31, 2018 (in thousands):
The Company does not believe that any unrealized losses represent other-than-temporary impairments based on its evaluation of available evidence . To determine whether a decline in value is other-than-temporary, the Company evaluates, among other factors: the duration and extent to which the fair value has been less than the carrying value and its intent and ability to retain the marketable securities for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. The Company considers all marketable securities as available for use in current operations, including those with maturity dates beyond one year, and therefore classifies these securities as current assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The realized gains and losses from sales of marketable securities during the period were immaterial.
Note 4. Business Combinations
Simeno Holdings AG
On December 1, 2017, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock held by of Simeno Holdings AG (“Simeno”), a Switzerland based cross-catalog search and catalog management company.
The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination and, accordingly, the total fair value of purchase consideration was allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their fair values on the acquisition date. The total purchase consideration was $8.7 million in cash, of which $1.5 million is being held until the second anniversary after closing of the acquisition. In addition, approximately $8.0 million in the form of 221,257 shares of the Company’s common stock was issued to the selling shareholder of Simeno and this stock is subject to service vesting conditions including continued employment with the Company. The value assigned to the common stock issued will be recorded as post-acquisition compensation expense over the requisite service period and has been excluded from the purchase consideration.
The major classes of assets and liabilities to which the Company has allocated the fair value of purchase consideration were as follows (in thousands):
The goodwill recognized was primarily attributed to increased synergies that are expected to be achieved from the integration of Simeno and is not expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. The Company determined the fair values of intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the assistance of third party valuation consultants. Based on this valuation, the intangible assets acquired are (in thousands):
Simeno maintained a pension plan covering employees in Switzerland pursuant to the requirements of Swiss pension law, which has been assumed by the Company upon the completion of the acquisition. The pension plan is accounted for as a defined benefit pension plan, which requires the Company to recognize the underfunded status of the plan as a liability in the consolidated balance sheets and changes in the funded status of defined benefit pension plan through other comprehensive income (loss). As of the acquisition date in December 2017, the Company recorded net liabilities of $4.2 million on its consolidated balance sheet in connection with this pension plan.
The Company incurred costs related to this acquisition of approximately $445,000 during the year ended January 31, 2018 and no significant costs were incurred during the six months ended July 31, 2018. All acquisition related costs were expensed as incurred and have been recorded in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
Trade Extensions TradeExt AB
On May 3, 2017, the Company acquired substantially all of the issued and outstanding capital stock held by shareholders of Trade Extensions TradeExt AB (“Trade Extensions”), a Swedish corporation. The acquisition enabled the Company to broaden its cloud platform for business spend, particularly in the area of strategic sourcing.
Upon the closing of the acquisition, the Company paid aggregate consideration of approximately $40.9 million in cash, of which $7.2 million is being held in escrow for 18 months after the transaction closing date. In addition, approximately $4.1 million in the form of 148,476 shares of the Company’s common stock was issued to certain key employees of Trade Extensions, which stock is subject to service vesting conditions including continued employment with the Company. The value assigned to the common stock issued will be recorded as post-acquisition compensation expense and has been excluded from the purchase consideration.
The major classes of assets and liabilities to which the Company has allocated the fair value of purchase consideration were as follows (in thousands):
Other assets include indemnification assets totaling $1.4 million due to assumed liability for which the seller is responsible. The goodwill recognized was primarily attributed to increased synergies that are expected to be achieved from the integration of Trade Extensions and is not expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. The Company determined the fair values of intangible assets acquired with the assistance of third party valuation consultants. Based on this valuation, the intangible assets acquired are (in thousands):
The Company incurred costs related to this acquisition of approximately $526,000 during the year ended January 31, 2018. All acquisition related costs were expensed as incurred and have been recorded in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
Fair value is the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Subsequent changes in fair value of these financial assets and liabilities are recognized in earnings or other comprehensive income when they occur. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities which are required to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which the Company would transact and the market-based risk measurement or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the assets or liabilities, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions and credit risk.
The Company applies the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement:
The following table summarizes the Company’s fair value hierarchy for its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
The Company carries Convertible Senior Notes (the “Convertible Notes”) at face value less unamortized discount and issuance costs on its consolidated balance sheet, and presents the fair value for required disclosure purposes only. As of July 31, 2018, the fair value of the Convertible Notes was $339.1 million. The estimated fair values of the Convertible Notes, which the Company has classified as Level 2 financial instruments, were determined based on the quoted bid prices of the Convertible Notes on the last trading day of each reporting period. As of January 31, 2018, the fair value of the Convertible Notes approximated its carrying amount at that time. For further information on the Convertible Notes see Note 9.
Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):
Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment, excluding software development costs, was approximately $180,000 and $124,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $376,000 and $239,000 for the six months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Amortization expense related to software development costs was approximately $787,000 and $1.0 million for the three months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1.6 million and $2.0 million for the six months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Note 7. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill was $44.4 million as of July 31, 2018 and January 31, 2018.
Other Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes the other intangible asset balances (in thousands):
Amortization expense related to other intangible assets was approximately $1.1 million and $977,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $2.2 million and $1.5 million for the six months ended July 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
As of July 31, 2018, the future amortization expense of other intangible assets is as follows (in thousands):
Note 8. Common Stock and Stockholders’ Equity
Each share of common stock has the right to one vote. The holders of the common stock are also entitled to receive dividends whenever funds are legally available and when declared by the board of directors of the Company (the “Board of Directors”), subject to the prior rights of holders of all classes of stock outstanding having priority rights as to dividends. No dividends have been declared or paid since inception.
As of July 31, 2018, the Company had authorized 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001, of which no shares were issued and outstanding.
2016 Equity Incentive Plan
The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) was approved by the Company’s stockholders in September 2016. The 2016 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, nonstatutory stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and performance cash awards. Awards could be granted under the 2016 Plan beginning on the effective date of the registration statement, October 5, 2016. The 2016 Plan replaced the Company’s 2006 Stock Plan; however, awards outstanding under the 2006 Stock Plan will continue to be governed by their existing terms.
As of July 31, 2018, the Company had 6,209,247 shares of its common stock available for future issuance under the 2016 Plan. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2016 Plan will automatically increase on the first day of each fiscal year during the term of the 2016 Plan by a number of shares equal to 5% of its outstanding shares of common stock on the last day of the prior fiscal year. The number and class of shares reserved under the Company’s 2016 Plan will be adjusted in the event of a stock split, stock dividend or other changes in its capitalization.
The following table summarizes stock option activity under the Company’s 2006 Stock Plan and the 2016 Plan during the six months ended July 31, 2018 (aggregate intrinsic value in thousands):